InnProBio, the Forum for Bio-Based Innovation in Public Procurement, aims to build a community of public procurement practitioners interested in Public Procurement of Innovation (PPI) of Bio-Based Products and Services (BBPS). More ..

Since December 2015: Informative factsheets

There are already a wide range of commercially available bio-based products on the market offering a diverse range of functionalities. However, what can they be used for and why should the public sector purchase them? And how can procurers ensure that they have been produced in a sustainable manner? What types of standards are available?

In an attempt to provide more information about the most relevant issues concerning bio-based products and services, a series of factsheets are being published during the course of the InnProBio project, which will focus just on these and other similar issues.

The bioeconomy presents a great potential, especially for 3rd world countries. The issues and outcomes are the same as e.g. in Europe: Creation of rural enterprises (=jobs) by creating agriculture and/or forestry-based economies that are sustainable and environmentally friendly.

Factsheet #2: Focus On Sustainability

The InnProBio team has issued its second factsheet, entitled Sustainability of bio-based products. This publication explains what the basis for sustainable bio-based products is, as a non-fossil feedstock is not enough, and considerations such as the agricultural practices for the cultivation of the biomass, the energy used in the production process, or the process agents – chemicals, solvents, etc. – need to be taken into account.

This second factsheet contains detailed information about feedstock, the end-of-life of bio-based products, how to measure environmental impacts using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Product Carbon Footprint (PCF), as well as a section on certifications and labels that can help public procurers to define their requirements regarding bio-based products in their public tenders.

Bio-based products can offer improved functionalities compared to traditional fossil-fuel products, and the different aspects covered in this factsheet are to be considered in order to make the bio-based products sustainable across their life cycles. Factsheet #3, which will be issued in the coming days, will address different myths and facts about biodegradability.

Factsheet #3: Myths and Facts about Biodegradability

In order to clarify some misunderstandings and myths, as well as to address some confusion governing the topic of biodegradability, the InnProBio team has issued its factsheet #3 focused on it.

Myth #1 refers to the consideration that all biodegradable products are made from bio-based materials. Although biodegradability is a property inherent to many bio-based products, some fossil-based chemicals and polymers are completely biodegradable. Myth #2 explains why not all bio-based products are biodegradable. Myth #3 gives an explanation to the common understanding that biodegradable products can be thrown into the environment and they will disappear. Time, temperature and the presence of microorganism are key to biodegradation. Myth #4 is about biodegradability being or not a quick solution.

The publication also includes a table with the most important terms around biodegradability and what they mean, with specifications on the end result, the process and other extra remarks.




  • Factsheet #2 is available here.
  • Factsheet #3 is available here.

From: Blog.Biomass.Company

Two More Factsheets: Biobased Products was originally published on Bioeconomy Consultants : Innovative Minds





Factsheet #1: What are biobased products?

Factsheet #1: What are biobased products?

The EU-funded InnProBio project published Factsheet #1. It offers some definitions and graphic illustrations on the type of feedstock used to make the products and of the uses for biobased products.

Factsheet #1 highlights the benefits of bio-based products, such as their potential to reduce the economy’s dependence on fossil feedstocks, to create green jobs (not only) in the European Union, and to help drive European innovation.
Editor’s Note:
The bioeconomy presents a great potential, as it can maintain and create economic growth especially in underdeveloped, rural areas in Africa. It is a unique opportunity for the integration of small-scale farmers and/or foresters into primary production and processing industries.


The link between bio-based products and sustainability is also outlined:

Sustainability of bio-based products is dependent on multiple factors, such as sourcing of feedstock, design of the production process, adequate choice of disposal option, etc.

The section From biomass to bio-based products shows in a very visual way different …

… biomass feedstocks, i.e. sugar, starch and natural rubber

… bio-based intermediates, i.e. fibres, polymers and composites

… and bio-based end products.

It is a year since the publication of the first factsheet (we reported here) and the InnProBio team has since added two more:

  • Factsheet #2: Focus On Sustainability
  • Factsheet #3: Myths and Facts about Biodegradability

Read: Biobased Products: Two Factsheets


From: Blog.Biomass.Company

Factsheet #1: What are biobased products? from Bioeconomy Consultants : Innovative Minds






Furfural (58.6% yield) and cellulose-enriched residue (>90% glucan recovered) are coproduced with 89.3% glucose yield in a MTHF/aqueous AlCl3 system. (Image:

Coproduction of Furfural and Easily Hydrolyzable Residue from Sugar Cane Bagasse in the MTHF/Aqueous Biphasic System: Influence of Acid Species, NaCl Addition, and MTHFResearchers from Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences chose sugar cane bagasse (one of the commonly used biomass in furfural industry) as raw material for one-pot production of furfural and cellulose-enriched residue using AlCl3, FeCl3 and HCl as catalysts.

DalinYebo‘s insight:
Our Associate, Gianluca Marcotulio, developed the fundamentals of using chloride-enhanced catalysts for the production of furfural. This article proposes an application of a chloride-enhanced catalysis for the production of furfural and the use of the process residues as pre-treated feedstock for ethanol production
We have previously written about the use of furfural production as a pre-treatment step in a cellulosic biorefinery:

They studied the degradation of sugar cane bagasse in a single aqueous system and in a 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (MTHF)/aqueous AlCl3 biphasic system. Their aim was to develop a process for the simultaneous production of furfural and easily hydrolyzable cellulose.

They found that conversion of bagasse in aqueous solution with FeCl3 and HCl benefited furfural 1 production from hemicellulose but degraded cellulose seriously. AlCl3 was more suitable to co-produce furfural and cellulosic residue from bagasse.



In order to develop a process for the simultaneous production of furfural and easily hydrolyzable cellulose, the degradation of sugar cane bagasse in a single aqueous system and in a 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (MTHF)/aqueous AlCl3 biphasic system was studied. In single aqueous system, the influence of acid species (FeCl3, HCl, and AlCl3) on furfural production and cellulose degradation was investigated at 150 °C. FeCl3 and HCl promoted furfural production from hemicellulose but with severe cellulose degradation. AlCl3 decreased cellulose degradation with considerable furfural yield and high glucan content in solid residues. The role of NaCl in furfural production and cellulose decomposition was also investigated in the single aqueous system using different acids as catalysts. Addition of NaCl significantly promoted furfural yield but also accelerated cellulose decomposition when FeCl3 or HCl was used as catalyst. In the AlCl3-catalyzed system, NaCl had less influence on residue yield and its composition, although NaCl also promoted furfural production. The influence of MTHF on furfural yield, residue composition, and enzymatic hydrolysis of residue was also studied. Under the best conditions (0.45 g of bagasse, 9 mL of MTHF, 9 mL of water, 0.1 M AlCl3, 150 °C, 45 min, and 10 wt % NaCl), 58.6% furfural was obtained while more than 90% of cellulose remained in the residue. The organic phase was separated from the aqueous phase directly by decantation. After reuse of organic phase for 3 cycles, 11.5 g/L furfural was obtained. The catalyst-containing aqueous phase could be reused directly after decantation of the organic phase without loss of activity. The obtained residue was easy to hydrolyze and produced 89.3% glucose yield after 96-h enzymatic hydrolysis at low cellulase loading (30 FPU of cellulase/g glucan).



Defining Moment for Bioplastic Feedstock Developments Defining Moment for Bioplastic Feedstock Developments

The decline of crude oil prices during 2015 forward has hampered the growth of bioplastics, but there are remarkable technology achievements to make biochemical building blocks.

Defining Moment for Bioplastic Feedstock Developments was originally published on Bioeconomy Consultants : Innovative Minds





Biomass Suitable for Furfural Production

“Biomass Gallery” from

A large variety of biomass was tested for its handling and processing characteristics

During 10 years of furfural process R&D, the team at International Furan Technology (“IFT”), a DalinYebo subsidiary, investigated and developed solutions mainly for the use of solid biomass.

There were others, that did not have the potential or are still on the list to evaluate. Furthermore, the R&D work also included pilot plants to evaluate liquors emanating from processing plants (e.g. pulp mills), which confirmed their suitability for the (large-scale) production of furfural. This knowhow forms part of DalinYebo knowhow toolkit.

Find out more ..

Also see: Blog.Biomass.Company

Biomass Suitable for Furfural Production was originally published on Bioeconomy Consultants : Innovative Minds





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