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Move beyond procrastination!

Setting the Scene

South Africa (August 2013): Reported unemployment rate is now over 25% and the figures for newly created jobs are so low (or none existing?), that they are expressed in the statistics as "saved and created" jobs. South Africa's economic growth prospects are dismal with the country ranked third last in Africa – ahead of only Swaziland and Equatorial Guinea[1].

What is done about it?

A lot is written and theorised: Reports, studies, policies, frameworks and plans:

Example: Integrated Growth and Development Plans (IGDP) and Medium Term Strategic Framework

"The IGDP describes the current realities and challenges of the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Sector and outlines goals, objectives and the interventions that need to be made to achieve the vision of "an equitable, productive, competitive, and sustainable Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Sector, growing to the benefit of ALL South Africans". The IGDP takes its cue from the twelve outcomes identified in the Medium Term Strategic Framework to address the country's key challenges. Achieving these outcomes ...[2]   

Example: Report - Green Jobs

"The primary purpose of this report is to provide a segmented view of the net direct job creation anticipated to emerge in the formal economy across a wide range of technologies/activities that may be classified as green or contributing to the greening of the economy. Supplemented by related information, both international and domestic, it is hoped that it will also assist a broad spectrum of stakeholders in embracing a green economic revolution, contribute to the prioritisation debate and to the respective strategic planning. Furthermore, by highlighting implementation challenges that are deemed key to unlock the green economy's potential, the report also brings to the fore the importance of stakeholder interventions across the board. The success of such interventions would determine South Africa's ability to capture an earlier stage within a limited window of opportunity and develop competitive advantage in specific green areas .." [3]

Workshops are conducted, the market is studied and some practical advise is given:

How to go about it (Market Study: Bio Energy [4])

As part of their "Market Studies for Renewable Energy" in South Africa, the Netherlands Embassy in Pretoria, South Africa, discusses the opportunities, makes suggestions on how to enter this business-to-business market and how to find the proper entry with the Government? It gives directions on the relevant rules and regulations and advise on how a foreign company may go about a local partner.

The bottom line: This market study provides concrete answers and makes suggestions for companies interested in doing business in South Africa.

The bio-renewable chemical sector is closely aligned with the bio-energy business!

How do you eat an elephant?

One bite at a time. We all know the saying, but we often fail to apply this lesson in our lives. These lessons can equally be applied to the development of the green economy and the jobs it will create.

DalinYebo offers practical solutions to "jump-start" biomass based enterprises that benefit small scale growers and create new rural jobs. We offer some practical solutions on our Connecting-The-Dots™ pages.

Find out more ..

 

References:

[1] Downloaded 19 Aug 2013: http://www.dakzn.org.za/president-owes-south-africas-unemployed-an-explanation

[2] Downloaded 19 Aug 2013: http://www.info.gov.za/view/DownloadFileAction?id=172748

[3] Downloaded 19 Aug 2013: http://www.idc.co.za/projects/Greenjobs.pdf

[4] Downloaded 19 Aug 2013: http://southafrica.nlembassy.org/binaries/content/assets/postenweb/z/zuid_afrika/netherlands-embassy-in-pretoria/import/the_embassy/economic-affairs/bioenergy-intro.pdf

 

 

 

  • Biorefineries
  • Jobs
  • GreenEnergyPark™
  • MicroBioRefinery™

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Upto 10 x higher margin!

Compared with the cellulosic ethanol industry's best efforts to make ethanol from the hemiclellulose, turning it into furfural yields profit margins that are upto 10 times higher than the returns per tonne of hemicellulose from ethanol. In addition, CO2 greenhouse gas emission is reduced (see Cellulosic-Plus™ - "Energy on steroids").

The conversion of C5s into furfural also offers a platform for the creation of many other valuable down-stream products or replacement of chemicals that are currently derived form coal/oil/gas.

BBS-BioRefining™ (“BBS”)

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"BBS" Bolt-on is our low-cost high-efficiency flagship process, the result of the company’s inquisitive minds and 10 years of research and development (R&D) on improving the efficiencies of biomass-to-chemical conversion technologies.

  • bbs
  • Biorefineries
  • MicroBioRefinery™
  • Cellulosic Ethanol
  • Paid4Pretreatment™
  • CellulosicPlus™
  • pulp mill
  • Furfural
  • Biofuels
  • Lignocellulose...

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Furfural residue has a better calorific value than its biomass ..

.. and there are other and better value added uses, than just burning it!

 

Over the years, DalinYebo evaluated/verified the use of furfural residue for a host of applications, such as (but not limited to) the following:

Furfural Residue: Ideal Feedstock For Cellulosic Ethanol

Green Coal

Cattle Feed

Mulch/Fertiliser

Activated Carbon

Celluling Fibre

Absorbent to clean oil/chemical spills

We are available to further discuss the above. Don't hesitate to contact us.

  • Lignocellulose
  • Furfural
  • residue
  • activated carbon
  • cattle feed
  • celluling fibre
  • oil absorbent
  • Cellulosic Ethanol...

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Energy on Steroids ...

.. is how an investment analyst assessed one of our projects, because furfural production as part of a cellulosic ethanol plant gives the financials a boost. 

Although the C5-sugars (pentosans) of the hemicellulose can be turned into cellulosic ethanol, its pollutants are net contributors of CO2 greenhouse gases:

 20% of the molecular carbon is lost by converting the C5-molecule in to two C2-molecules of the ethanol.

Once saccharified, there are further carbon losses associated with the typical fermentation inefficiencies of the ethanol production.

The removal of the conversions of pentosans to furfural in the pretreatment (see Paid4Pretreament™) stage has the following benefits:

 no more furfural or furfuryl alcohol that poisons the yeasts (don't need any expensive/fortified yeasts).

allows a higher C6-sugar throughput.

furfural sales generate good profits.

The above summary statements are based on our own research (2008/09), our technology developments, subsequent assessment of real pilot/demo plant data, supplied by the world's leading cellulosic ethanol developers and a need to secure long-term furfural supplies.  

Furfural production delivers profitable returns on the pretreatment equipment of a cellulosic ethanol plant!

 

  • Cellulosic Ethanol
  • Biofuels
  • Furfural
  • Paid4Pretreatment™
  • Technology
  • CellulosicPlus™
  • BBSBiorefining™...

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Pretreated & preconditioned feedstock

In 2008/09 we used lignocellulosic residues from furfural production to successfully make cellulosic ethanol. It was a continuation of an experiment done during the 1980s, except that this time around we had better and more suitable (used the latest commercially available) enzymes that were supplied by Novozyme (Denmark), Yeasts from NCP (South Africa) and residue from DalinYebo's pilot plant. The pilot plant's process conditions modifies the structure of the lignocellulosic material, and in particular cause an amelioration of the recalcitrance of cellulose. In addition, the pilot plant's conversion of hemicelluloses to furfural and furfural-related polymers could result in a residue which is essentially free hemicelluloses and furfural (2% residual pentosans).

From these experiments, we concluded that furfural production is the most economic process to remove the C5-sugars from a cellulosic ethanol pre-treatment process. It will prevent subsequent furfural (or furfuryl alcohol) formation that poisons (attacks) the fermentation yeasts. In addition, revenue will be derived from what 'traditionally' is a capital and operating cost. DalinYebo seeks long-term agreements to supply a growing market.

Since the conclusion of the laboratory experiments, we have evaluated the processes of three leading developers of cellulosic ethanol technologies. We are under NDA with one of them, and treat the info received from the others likewise. Two of them are in North America and the third is from Europe. All three of them developed their processes using agricultural residues (corn stover or wheat straw). They have supplied us with the data based on their proprietary process routes/conditions and there is no doubt that with a comparatively low investment a significant bottom line contribution could be obtained from an integrated furfural production.

In April 2012, Novozyme and Shengquan Group (Shandong, China) announced a partnership that will see the construction of the first cellulosic ethanol plant, which is fed by residue from their furfural plant.

 

Furfural boots the financials of cellulosic ethanol plants!

 

 

  • Lignocellulose
  • Furfural
  • Cellulosic Ethanol
  • residue
  • Paid4Pretreatment™...
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